Steve Jobs is one of the founders of Apple. With his leadership, Apple became a pioneer in inventing and producing revolutionary products, the flagship of which is the iPhone.
Steve Jobs is one of the founders of Apple and one of the legends of the technology world. His life process and achievements can be an inspiration for every person. In this article, we learn the story of this influential, revolutionary, different, and sometimes controversial figure in the world of technology.
From birth to youth
Steven Paul Jobs was born in San Francisco, California, on February 24, 1955. His mother and father, Joan Schiebel (later Joan Simpson) and Abdul Fattah John Jandali, both graduates of the University of Wisconsin, gave their son up for adoption when he was still unnamed to a middle-class couple named Powell and Clara Jobs. His father, Jandali, was a political science professor in Syria, and his mother, Shibel, worked as a speech therapist. Shortly after Steve was adopted, his birth parents had another child, Mona Simpson. Steve Jobs only knew his real family when he was 27.
Clara Jobs was an accountant, and Powell was a Coast Guard veteran. They lived in Mountain View, later known as Silicon Valley. Steve worked on electrical equipment with his father in the old garage when he was a teenager. Pavel taught his son how to disassemble and reassemble the parts of electrical devices. This pastime gradually established his self-confidence, tenacity, and ability in mechanical activities.
Steve was a brilliant and innovative thinker when he was young; However, he was exhausted and disillusioned with formal school education. In elementary school, traditional classes bored him. He rarely made friends with his peers and had to be suspended several times because of his bad behavior and dirty jokes, so the fourth-grade teacher had to bribe him to study. This method worked, and Steve improved so much in his studies that the school officials asked him to skip two classes and enter directly into high school, But his parents did not agree to this proposal. He took the fifth grade as a leap, and in the sixth grade, he threatened his poor parents with dropping out, forcing them to spend all their savings on buying a new house so he could go to a new school.
After finishing high school, Steve Jobs entered Reed College in Portland, Oregon. Still aimless and lost, he dropped out of college after six months and spent the next 18 months in creative college classes. Steve later said that he fell in love with calligraphy courses during this time and that the Macintosh owes its various letter designs and well-spaced fonts to these courses.
In 1974, Steve worked as a video game designer with Atari. Several months later, he left the company to pursue his interest in spiritual enlightenment in India. A trip that made him experience the use of psychedelic pills. In 1975, Jobs and Steve Wozniak met at the Home Go computer club, and this familiarity became the background for a year later; together with Ronald Wayne, they built the Apple computer in the garage of Jobs’ home on Christ Drive. To finance the initial work, Jobs sold his Volkswagen, and Wozniak sold his beloved advanced calculator.
Jobs and Wozniak revolutionized the computer industry by popularizing technology and making systems smaller, cheaper, and more accessible. Wozniak designed a series of new personal computers called Apple I, and Jobs was responsible for marketing and selling them. These computers were sold for $666 and 66 cents each. Apple earned $1,774,000 for their company. After that, they spent a month or two in Jobs’ garage assembling Apple 1 boards and selling them to independent computer dealers.
At the same time, Wozniak had begun work on a better computer. The new system was much more advanced, and its color graphics support was remarkable. Jobs and Wozniak knew that the Apple 2 could be a massive success for them; For this reason, Jobs sought to attract investors. In January 1977, he convinced former Intel CEO Angel Mike Markola to invest $250,000 in Apple. Markola believed in the revolution that was taking place in computer systems and promised the young founders that in less than two years, they would see their company in the Fortune 500.
Perhaps Markola was too optimistic about Apple’s growth rate, But he was right about the company quickly becoming one of America’s success stories. Because the Apple II was beautifully packaged, easy to use, and packed with thoughtful features, it conquered the competitive computer market and made its founders a millionaire. When VisiCalc, the first Apple 2 business success program, was introduced, hundreds of thousands of Americans, from accountants to business owners, bought the Apple 2 to do their calculations and estimates at home. This wave of sales was considered the most significant financial leap up to that time.
After the successes achieved, in 1980, the inventors decided to sell their company shares in the stock market and convert the company into public stock. Jobs’ net worth reached over $200 million four years later when he was only 25.
Apple’s success attracted the attention of computer giant IBM, which was still the only major supplier of mainframe processors to large corporations. They introduced IBM personal computers in August 1981, a year after the Apple 3 failed in the market due to high prices and some hardware problems. IBM became the biggest threat to Apple, whose reputation was in danger of falling. Jobs and Wozniak had all their hopes for a commercial computer project called the Apple Lisa.
Lisa and Xerox Park
In the beginning, Steve Jobs had a lot of faith in the Lisa project. The scientists at the Xerox PARC Computer Research Laboratory greatly influenced him. They used new technologies such as graphical user interface (GUI) and mouse, Ethernet, laser printing, and object-oriented programming to prepare for this industry. Jobs fell in love with the GUI, which was easier to use than a text-based command line. But despite the addition of a graphical user interface and a mouse, Lisa still failed in economic terms, which some people cite as the cause of the high price and slower-than-expected speed, and some consider the relative inexperience of Jobs in the field of management and marketing to be the cause of this disaster.
Jobs was looking for a talented manager who could help them develop and expand the company. In 1983, he agreed with John Scully, one of the directors of the Pepsi-Cola Company, to take over the management of Apple.
Macintosh and left Apple
The failure of the Lisa project hurt Jobs a lot, and this time he decided to work on a small project called Macintosh. The Macintosh was supposed to be an inexpensive personal computer that would be as easy to use as a tester. Jobs became the head of the Macintosh project and decided to build a smaller, cheaper version of the Lisa, complete with a graphical user interface of folders, icons and pull-down menus, and a mouse.
The realization of the Macintosh project took three years. Jobs enlisted the help of a small group of brilliant young engineers who believed in his vision, and of course, he had the support of John Sculley.
In January 1984, Jobs introduced the Macintosh at the company’s annual shareholder meeting. The project was launched with great fanfare and was relatively successful in the first few months. However, by early 1985, sales were declining, Although Jobs was unwilling to acknowledge this and still claimed to have saved Apple. His reactions caused a lot of tension in the company, especially between Jobs and Scully. In May of the same year, Steve Jobs tried to convince the presidents and senior managers of the company to fire Scully. Still, they voted to keep Scully, and it was announced that after this, Jobs would not have any operational role in the company and would only continue as the chairman of the board of directors. Gives.
He spent the next four months traveling and following the news until he devised a new plan: to start a new computer company to reach higher degrees and employ some engineers who had previously worked at Apple. When Apple discovered this, they threatened to sue him for using their valuable information in a rival company. As a result, Jobs stopped working and sold all his shares to Apple.
A little later, he resumed his plan, but with the addition of Next, Apple postponed the lawsuit for a few months.
Next and Pixar
NeXT was founded with $7 million, and Jobs created the NeXT computer system in 1989, whose software is the basis of today’s iPhones. Although the Next computer had many strengths (including the first web browser and application software), it has yet to sell its products at a high level. It remained at the level of academic fields. The second generation of NeXT computers, called the NeXT Cube, introduced the multimedia e-mail system (NextMail), which enabled the sending of sound, images, graphics, and video for the first time. In 1993, their software suite (Next Step) was handed over to Intel with all its equipment.
Jobs had another activity during these years: he bought an animation company from George Lucas, which was later called Pixar Animation Studio. Jobs counted on the potential of Pixar Studio so much that he invested 50 million dollars in it. The studio produced popular films such as Toy Story, Saving Nemo, and The Incredibles. In 2006, Pixar merged with Disney, and Jobs became the largest shareholder of Disney.
Steve Jobs returns to Apple: iMac.
Unlike Pixar’s successes, Next failed to become America’s most important operating system as planned. In 1996, Apple bought Next for $429 million, and the following year, Jobs returned to his former position as the CEO of Apple. Just as Jobs introduced Apple to the world in the eighties, he revived the company again with his return. By using a new management team, revising stock options, and imposing a salary of one million dollars a year, Jobs brought Apple back to the competitive market scene. Innovative and intelligent products like iMac, beautiful designs, and company campaigns again attracted consumers’ attention.
The first generation iPod was released in October 2001. The iPod (the first portable digital music player) was small and easy to use. By selling 300,000 copies in ten years, iPod made Apple the most expensive company in the world.
Early diagnosis of Steve Jobs’ cancer
In 2003, Jobs was diagnosed with neuroendocrine cancer (a type of pancreatic cancer that is rare but treatable). Instead of going under the knife immediately, he adjusted his vegetarian diet and used oriental healing options. The surgery was postponed for nine months. While the board of directors was worried that if the shareholders found out about Jobs’ illness, they would sell their shares and leave Apple; Finally, they agreed with Jobs’ decision to keep this news confidential. In 2004, he had a successful surgery, and doctors removed a cancerous tumor from his pancreas. After this operation, he revealed the secret of his illness to the public media.
The iPhone was the evolution of modern technology. The production of the first iPhone started in 2005, and in 2007, at the same time this product was released, it was named the invention of the year. The Apple iPhone was a small smartphone with multimedia capabilities and a touch screen. The next-generation iPhone supported GPS and internet data and had three bands. In 2009, the iPhone 3GS was produced and released, which had both voice control capabilities, a better camera, and a faster processor than the previous iPhones. By 2010, Apple had sold ninety million copies of its mobile phones worldwide. The development of iPhones continues.
In January 2010, Jobs introduced the iPad: a tablet with the iOS operating system, a multi-touch screen, and a virtual keyboard that could connect to Wi-Fi. The iPad sold twice as fast as the iPhone, and in 2015 it was announced that more than 250 million copies of this technology had been sold worldwide.
iTunes is a multimedia streaming service that includes a media library, online radio, and mobile device management software for playing, downloading and organizing digital audio and video files on computers running OS X and Windows operating systems. is used
Personal life and health problems of Steve Jobs
In 2009, following Steve Jobs’ weight loss, there were rumors in the media about his cancer returning and some saying he needed a liver transplant. But he declared that his problem is caused by hormonal imbalance. He was still a man who kept his personal life private and did not publish much information about his family.
At 23, Jobs’ former classmate Chrisann Brennan claimed she was pregnant by him, but Jobs refused and declared in court that he was infertile. He denied any financial aid to Brennan’s daughter until she was seven years old, But when Brennan’s daughter Lisa reached teenage age, she came to Jobs to live with her father.
In the early 1990s, Jobs met Lauren Powell at Stanford University’s business school. At the time, Lauren Powell was an MBA student. They got married on March 18, 1991, and had three children.
Death of Steve Jobs
On October 5, 2011, Apple officially announced that one of the company’s founders had passed away. Steve Jobs died in Palo Alto, California, at 56 after a decade-long battle with pancreatic cancer.
The biography of Steve Jobs was written by Walter Isaacson and published as a book. In 2013, a movie called “Jobs” was made, which depicts a part of his life.
Memorable words from Steve Jobs
- Your job is supposed to be a significant part of your life; you will only feel satisfied when you believe you are doing something great. The only way to succeed in great things is to do them with love. If you still need to find what you love, keep looking. Items related to human hearts and souls always find their way. Do not hurry; you will find the right way in your life one day.
- We should all be excellent in life; Because this is our life. Life is short, and death will come. So it is better to do something worth living.
- “Focus and simplicity” have been my mantras. Simplicity can be more complex than complexity. It would help if you cleared your mind to work hard so things become simple.
- You shouldn’t stop there if you’re doing something and it’s going well. You must seek something more significant, not settle for it. Think about what the next great, amazing thing will be.
- Quality is much more important and better than quantity. Achieving great success is more valuable than short and temporary victories.
- What differentiates a leader from a follower is creativity and innovation.